Search result for

esperanto

(14 entries)
(0.0593 seconds)
ลองค้นหาคำในรูปแบบอื่นๆ เพื่อให้ได้ผลลัพธ์มากขึ้นหรือน้อยลง: -esperanto-, *esperanto*.
English-Thai: Longdo Dictionary (UNAPPROVED version -- use with care )
Esperanto (n ) ภาษาเอสเปรันโต

English-Thai: NECTEC's Lexitron-2 Dictionary [with local updates]
Esperanto    [N] ภาษาที่ประดิษฐ์ขึ้นเพื่อใช้เป็นภาษากลางในการสื่อสารระหว่างประเทศ ซึ่งรากศัพท์ส่วนใหญ่มาจากภาษายุโรปหลายภาษา

English-Thai: HOPE Dictionary [with local updates]
esperanto(เอส'พะรานโท) n. ภาษาโลก, See also: Esperantism n. ดูEsperanto Esperantist n. ดูEsperanto

CMU English Pronouncing Dictionary
ESPERANTO    EH2 S P ER0 AE1 N T OW0
ESPERANTO'S    EH2 S P ER0 AE1 N T OW0 Z

Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary (pronunciation guide only)
Esperanto    (n) (e2 s p @ r a1 n t ou)

German-English: TU-Chemnitz DING Dictionary
Esperanto {n}Esperanto [Add to Longdo]

Japanese-English: EDICT Dictionary
エスペラント[, esuperanto] (n) Esperanto (epo [Add to Longdo]

Chinese-English: CC-CEDICT Dictionary
世界语[shì jiè yǔ, ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄝˋ ㄩˇ, / ] Esperanto (language); world language [Add to Longdo]

Result from Foreign Dictionaries (5 entries found)

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Esperanto \Es`pe*ran"to\, n.
     An artificial language, intended to be universal, devised by
     Dr. Zamenhof, a Russian, who adopted the pseudonym "Dr.
     Esperanto" in publishing his first pamphlet regarding it in
     1887. The vocabulary is very largely based upon words common
     to the chief European languages, and sounds peculiar to any
     one language are eliminated. The spelling is phonetic, and
     the accent (stress) is always on the penult. A revised and
     simplified form, called {Ido} was developed in 1907, but
     Esperanto remained at the end of the 20th century the most
     popular artificial language designed for normal human
     linguistic communication. -- {Es`pe*ran"tist}, n.
     [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC ]
  
           Esperanto
           By Mark Feeney, Globe Staff, 05/12/99
           A surprising 2 million speakers worldwide get their
           words' worth from the 'planned language' created in the
           19th century
           People were thinking big in the late 19th century. They
           utopianized, they universalized, they created Zionism,
           the modern Olympics, the Socialist International.
           Thinking big back then sometimes meant thinking weird.
           Inundate the planet with a dark bubbly syrup? Try
           Coca-Cola. Chew 80 times before swallowing your food?
           Fletcherism, as the practice was called, was once more
           popular than Coke. A universal language? Say
           "Esperanto."
           Unlike Coke, Esperanto has not conquered the world.
           Unlike Fletcherism, neither has it disappeared. In the
           late 20th century, it remains on the tip of
           surprisingly many tongues.
           Esperanto? It's Greek to me: Esperanto was invented by
           Dr. Ludwig L. Zamenhof, an optometrist, in 1887. A
           Polish Jew, Zamenhof grew up in Bialystok, a city where
           Russian, Polish, German, and Yiddish were commonly
           spoken. Zamenhof had a knack for languages (he spoke
           eight, not counting Esperanto). He was also very much a
           product of his era. It occurred to him that if
           different peoples all spoke the same tongue, they might
           get along better. He decided to invent one - not a
           language to replace other languages, but one to
           supplement them, so that everyone, regardless of native
           tongue, might be able to communicate with one another.
           Zamenhof began working on his project when he was 15
           and spent 13 years perfecting it. He presented his new
           language in a book called "Dr. Esperanto's
           International Language." "Esperanto" means "one who
           hopes."
           Esperanto derives its vocabulary from various European
           languages: Latin, Greek, and Romance and Germanic
           tongues. The grammar is regular and greatly simplified.
           The spelling is phonetic, and nouns have no genders.
           Its regularity and simplicity make it easy to learn.
           "In the beginning": "En la komenco Dio kreis la cielon
           kaj teron" is the Esperanto translation of the first 10
           words from the King James Version of the Bible ("In the
           beginning God created the heavens and the earth").
           First, there was Volapuk: Esperanto is neither the
           first nor only constructed language. The idea goes back
           at least to the 17th century and the philosopher Rene
           Descartes. It derived further intellectual credence
           from the Enlightenment belief in universal systems and
           the primacy of reason. However, it wasn't until the
           late 19th century that the first constructed languages
           appeared.
           Volapuk, invented by a Catholic priest, the Rev. J. M.
           Schleyer, predates Esperanto by nearly a decade. It
           attracted several hundred thousand practitioners, but
           once the novelty wore off, Volapuk quickly lost out to
           Esperanto. Both languages eventually gave birth to
           "improved" versions, known, respectively, as Idiom
           Neutral and Ido (short for Esperandido), but neither
           really took hold.
           Other invented languages include Solresol, based on the
           musical scale; Timerio, a numerical language; Glosa, an
           attempt to create an international language using as
           few words as possible; and Interlingua, which is
           derived from English and Romance languages.
           Diego Marani, a translator for the European Council of
           Ministers in Brussels, has drawn considerable attention
           with his Europanto, a playful blend of English and
           various European languages (see sidebar).
           Lights! Camera! Esperanto!: An Esperanto film canon
           exists, albeit consisting of only one title, "Incubus,"
           a 1965 fantasy/sci-fi feature starring a pre-"Star
           Trek" William Shatner. The "Incubus" Web site
           (http://www.incubusthefilm.com) makes noises about a
           forthcoming video release, but no dates are given.
           What's so funny about peace, love, and Esperanto?:
           Elvis Costello commissioned Esperanto liner notes for
           his album "Blood and Chocolate."
           The East is Esperantist: There are an estimated 2
           million Esperantists in the world, and they live in at
           least 86 countries.
           Historically, the movement has been strongest in
           Central Europe. As Miko Sloper, director of the
           Esperanto League for North America (ELNA), points out,
           "You travel a hundred miles in any direction there and
           you might need to speak some other language to be
           understood. It's very practical to have a common
           language, and for obvious political reasons most people
           there certainly didn't want it to be Russian."
           Though the World Esperanto Association (UEA) is
           headquartered in Rotterdam, more than half the world's
           Esperanto speakers are now believed to live in China.
           The language's popularity there stems from a 40-part
           instructional series broadcast on Chinese television in
           the early '90s.
           Large pockets of Esperantists also exist in Korea and
           Japan.
           Truth, justice, and the Esperanto way: ELNA, the
           leading Esperanto organization in this country, is
           located in El Cerrito, Calif. The Bay Area is the
           closest thing America has to an Esperanto hotbed,
           thanks largely to San Francisco State University, whose
           annual Summer Esperanto Workshop celebrates its 30th
           anniversary in July.
           Locally, the Esperanto Society of New England has about
           50 members.
           One hobbit, one orc, one elf, one dwarf - one
           language?: J. R. R. Tolkien, who taught philology at
           Oxford University when not writing "The Hobbit" and
           "The Lord of the Rings," gave Esperanto his
           endorsement, sort of.
           \
           "My advice to all who have the time or inclination to
           concern themselves with the international language
           movement would be: `Back Esperanto loyally.'"
           Friends in high places: At least six Nobel Prize
           winners have been Esperantists. So was Yugloslavia's
           postwar ruler Josip Broz Tito.
           Esperanto? Ho, ho, ho: The language's image as a sort
           of verbal vegetarianism has meant that Esperanto often
           serves as a linguistic fall guy. Isaac Bashevis Singer
           once denounced modern Hebrew "as soulless Esperanto."
           Fran Lebowitz writes in one of her humor pieces, "The
           writer is to the real world what Esperanto is to the
           language world - funny, maybe, but not that funny."
           You can judge a language by its enemies: Hitler derided
           Esperanto in "Mein Kampf." Stalin labeled it "the
           language of spies." US Senator Joseph McCarthy accused
           Esperantists of being communists.
           You can judge a language by its literature: PEN, the
           international writers organization, has an Esperanto
           chapter. Some 30,000 titles have been published in the
           language. "People write novels in Esperanto," says
           Humphrey Tonkin, professor of humanities at the
           University of Hartford and past president of the UEA.
           "There's quite a lot of poetry. As with any other
           language, there are good novels and bad novels, good
           poetry and bad poetry."
           Among authors translated into Esperanto are Dante,
           Tolstoy, Goethe, Ibsen, and Sartre.
           Bill Gates does not speak Esperanto: Sun Microsystems
           originally advertised its Java computing system as "the
           Esperanto of computer languages."
           Then again, maybe he does: The number of Esperanto Web
           sites - for instance, there's
           http://esperanto.wunderground.com, which offers weather
           forecasts in Esperanto - would suggest the language has
           a disproportionately high following among the digerati.
           "It kind of makes intuitive sense, " says Sloper, that
           people who use artificial languages on-screen would be
           intrigued by an artificial language in the rest of
           their lives (actually, Esperantists prefer the term
           "planned language").
           David Wolff, an Acton software engineer who's the
           president of ELNA, agrees. "Programmers are used to
           looking for solutions to things, looking for ways to
           fix problems, and looking especially for ways that are
           inexpensive and effective. Esperanto is that kind of a
           solution. You follow simple rules. It's easy to get
           into and to learn it, and it clearly solves a specific
           kind of problem."
           Waiting for the "fina venko": "We're still a little
           club, in a way, and there's a camaraderie to that,"
           says Sloper.
           "Esperantists speak of the `fina venko,' or `final
           victory.' The concept is that eventually every
           moderately educated person on the earth will know
           Esperanto enough to, say, be able to order a cup of
           coffee in it. Is that going to happen? I don't really
           care. It would be nice if everyone knew Esperanto, but
           already there are enough people who do so that we have
           a community.
           "There are directories of Esperantists all over the
           world, and when someone is traveling to a foreign
           country it will frequently happen that an Esperantist
           will write or e-mail a fellow Esperantist and be
           invited to stay in his home. Does that happen with
           people who speak just English? I don't think so."
                                                    --Mark Feeney
     [This story ran on page F01 of the Boston Globe on 05/12/99.
     Copyright 1999 Globe Newspaper Company.] (available at
     http://www.esne.net/ligoj/boston_globe_article.htm)
     [PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

  Esperanto
      n 1: an artificial language based as far as possible on words
           common to all the European languages

From Portuguese-English Freedict dictionary [fd-por-eng]:

  Esperanto
     Esperanto
  

From Dutch-English Freedict dictionary [fd-nld-eng]:

  Esperanto [ɛspərɑnto]
     Esperanto
  

From Spanish-English Freedict dictionary [fd-spa-eng]:

  esperanto
     Esperanto
  

Are you satisfied with the result?

Go to Top