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wood vinegar

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ลองค้นหาคำในรูปแบบอื่น ๆ เพื่อให้ได้ผลลัพธ์มากขึ้นหรือน้อยลง: -wood vinegar-, *wood vinegar*
อังกฤษ-ไทย: คลังศัพท์ไทย โดย สวทช.
Wood vinegar น้ำส้มควันไม้ [TU Subject Heading]

Result from Foreign Dictionaries (3 entries found)

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Vinegar \Vin"e*gar\, n. [OE. vinegre, F. vinaigre; vin wine (L.
     vinum) + aigre sour. See {Wine}, and {Eager}, a.]
     1. A sour liquid used as a condiment, or as a preservative,
        and obtained by the spontaneous (acetous) fermentation, or
        by the artificial oxidation, of wine, cider, beer, or the
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: The characteristic sourness of vinegar is due to acetic
           acid, of which it contains from three to five per cent.
           Wine vinegar contains also tartaric acid, citric acid,
           [1913 Webster]
     2. Hence, anything sour; -- used also metaphorically.
        [1913 Webster]
              Here's the challenge: . . . I warrant there's
              vinegar and pepper in't.              --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     {Aromatic vinegar}, strong acetic acid highly flavored with
        aromatic substances.
     {Mother of vinegar}. See 4th {Mother}.
     {Radical vinegar}, acetic acid.
     {Thieves' vinegar}. See under {Thief}.
     {Vinegar eel} (Zool.), a minute nematode worm ({Leptodera
        oxophila}, or {Anguillula acetiglutinis}), commonly found
        in great numbers in vinegar, sour paste, and other
        fermenting vegetable substances; -- called also {vinegar
     {Vinegar lamp} (Chem.), a fanciful name of an apparatus
        designed to oxidize alcohol to acetic acid by means of
     {Vinegar plant}. See 4th {Mother}.
     {Vinegar tree} (Bot.), the stag-horn sumac ({Rhus typhina}),
        whose acid berries have been used to intensify the
        sourness of vinegar.
     {Wood vinegar}. See under {Wood}.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Wood \Wood\, n. [OE. wode, wude, AS. wudu, wiodu; akin to OHG.
     witu, Icel. vi?r, Dan. & Sw. ved wood, and probably to Ir. &
     Gael. fiodh, W. gwydd trees, shrubs.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove;
        -- frequently used in the plural.
        [1913 Webster]
              Light thickens, and the crow
              Makes wing to the rooky wood.         --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The substance of trees and the like; the hard fibrous
        substance which composes the body of a tree and its
        branches, and which is covered by the bark; timber. "To
        worship their own work in wood and stone for gods."
        [1913 Webster]
     3. (Bot.) The fibrous material which makes up the greater
        part of the stems and branches of trees and shrubby
        plants, and is found to a less extent in herbaceous stems.
        It consists of elongated tubular or needle-shaped cells of
        various kinds, usually interwoven with the shinning bands
        called silver grain.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Wood consists chiefly of the carbohydrates cellulose
           and lignin, which are isomeric with starch.
           [1913 Webster]
     4. Trees cut or sawed for the fire or other uses.
        [1913 Webster]
     {Wood acid}, {Wood vinegar} (Chem.), a complex acid liquid
        obtained in the dry distillation of wood, and containing
        large quantities of acetic acid; hence, specifically,
        acetic acid. Formerly called {pyroligneous acid}.
     {Wood anemone} (Bot.), a delicate flower ({Anemone nemorosa})
        of early spring; -- also called {windflower}. See Illust.
        of {Anemone}.
     {Wood ant} (Zool.), a large ant ({Formica rufa}) which lives
        in woods and forests, and constructs large nests.
     {Wood apple} (Bot.). See {Elephant apple}, under {Elephant}.
     {Wood baboon} (Zool.), the drill.
     {Wood betony}. (Bot.)
        (a) Same as {Betony}.
        (b) The common American lousewort ({Pedicularis
            Canadensis}), a low perennial herb with yellowish or
            purplish flowers.
     {Wood borer}. (Zool.)
        (a) The larva of any one of numerous species of boring
            beetles, esp. elaters, longicorn beetles,
            buprestidans, and certain weevils. See {Apple borer},
            under {Apple}, and {Pine weevil}, under {Pine}.
        (b) The larva of any one of various species of
            lepidopterous insects, especially of the clearwing
            moths, as the peach-tree borer (see under {Peach}),
            and of the goat moths.
        (c) The larva of various species of hymenopterous of the
            tribe Urocerata. See {Tremex}.
        (d) Any one of several bivalve shells which bore in wood,
            as the teredos, and species of Xylophaga.
        (e) Any one of several species of small Crustacea, as the
            {Limnoria}, and the boring amphipod ({Chelura
     {Wood carpet}, a kind of floor covering made of thin pieces
        of wood secured to a flexible backing, as of cloth.
     {Wood cell} (Bot.), a slender cylindrical or prismatic cell
        usually tapering to a point at both ends. It is the
        principal constituent of woody fiber.
     {Wood choir}, the choir, or chorus, of birds in the woods.
        [Poetic] --Coleridge.
     {Wood coal}, charcoal; also, lignite, or brown coal.
     {Wood cricket} (Zool.), a small European cricket ({Nemobius
     {Wood culver} (Zool.), the wood pigeon.
     {Wood cut}, an engraving on wood; also, a print from such an
     {Wood dove} (Zool.), the stockdove.
     {Wood drink}, a decoction or infusion of medicinal woods.
     {Wood duck} (Zool.)
        (a) A very beautiful American duck ({Aix sponsa}). The
            male has a large crest, and its plumage is varied with
            green, purple, black, white, and red. It builds its
            nest in trees, whence the name. Called also {bridal
            duck}, {summer duck}, and {wood widgeon}.
        (b) The hooded merganser.
        (c) The Australian maned goose ({Chlamydochen jubata}).
     {Wood echo}, an echo from the wood.
     {Wood engraver}.
        (a) An engraver on wood.
        (b) (Zool.) Any of several species of small beetles whose
            larvae bore beneath the bark of trees, and excavate
            furrows in the wood often more or less resembling
            coarse engravings; especially, {Xyleborus
     {Wood engraving}.
        (a) The act or art engraving on wood; xylography.
        (b) An engraving on wood; a wood cut; also, a print from
            such an engraving.
     {Wood fern}. (Bot.) See {Shield fern}, under {Shield}.
     {Wood fiber}.
        (a) (Bot.) Fibrovascular tissue.
        (b) Wood comminuted, and reduced to a powdery or dusty
     {Wood fretter} (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
        beetles whose larvae bore in the wood, or beneath the
        bark, of trees.
     {Wood frog} (Zool.), a common North American frog ({Rana
        sylvatica}) which lives chiefly in the woods, except
        during the breeding season. It is drab or yellowish brown,
        with a black stripe on each side of the head.
     {Wood germander}. (Bot.) See under {Germander}.
     {Wood god}, a fabled sylvan deity.
     {Wood grass}. (Bot.) See under {Grass}.
     {Wood grouse}. (Zool.)
        (a) The capercailzie.
        (b) The spruce partridge. See under {Spruce}.
     {Wood guest} (Zool.), the ringdove. [Prov. Eng.]
     {Wood hen}. (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of several species of Old World short-winged
            rails of the genus {Ocydromus}, including the weka and
            allied species.
        (b) The American woodcock.
     {Wood hoopoe} (Zool.), any one of several species of Old
        World arboreal birds belonging to {Irrisor} and allied
        genera. They are closely allied to the common hoopoe, but
        have a curved beak, and a longer tail.
     {Wood ibis} (Zool.), any one of several species of large,
        long-legged, wading birds belonging to the genus
        {Tantalus}. The head and neck are naked or scantily
        covered with feathers. The American wood ibis ({Tantalus
        loculator}) is common in Florida.
     {Wood lark} (Zool.), a small European lark ({Alauda
        arborea}), which, like, the skylark, utters its notes
        while on the wing. So called from its habit of perching on
     {Wood laurel} (Bot.), a European evergreen shrub ({Daphne
     {Wood leopard} (Zool.), a European spotted moth ({Zeuzera
        aesculi}) allied to the goat moth. Its large fleshy larva
        bores in the wood of the apple, pear, and other fruit
     {Wood lily} (Bot.), the lily of the valley.
     {Wood lock} (Naut.), a piece of wood close fitted and
        sheathed with copper, in the throating or score of the
        pintle, to keep the rudder from rising.
     {Wood louse} (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of numerous species of terrestrial isopod
            Crustacea belonging to {Oniscus}, {Armadillo}, and
            related genera. See {Sow bug}, under Sow, and {Pill
            bug}, under {Pill}.
        (b) Any one of several species of small, wingless,
            pseudoneuropterous insects of the family {Psocidae},
            which live in the crevices of walls and among old
            books and papers. Some of the species are called also
            {book lice}, and {deathticks}, or {deathwatches}.
     {Wood mite} (Zool.), any one of numerous small mites of the
        family {Oribatidae}. They are found chiefly in woods, on
        tree trunks and stones.
     {Wood mote}. (Eng. Law)
        (a) Formerly, the forest court.
        (b) The court of attachment.
     {Wood nettle}. (Bot.) See under {Nettle}.
     {Wood nightshade} (Bot.), woody nightshade.
     {Wood nut} (Bot.), the filbert.
     {Wood nymph}. (a) A nymph inhabiting the woods; a fabled
        goddess of the woods; a dryad. "The wood nymphs, decked
        with daisies trim." --Milton.
        (b) (Zool.) Any one of several species of handsomely
            colored moths belonging to the genus {Eudryas}. The
            larvae are bright-colored, and some of the species, as
            {Eudryas grata}, and {Eudryas unio}, feed on the
            leaves of the grapevine.
        (c) (Zool.) Any one of several species of handsomely
            colored South American humming birds belonging to the
            genus {Thalurania}. The males are bright blue, or
            green and blue.
     {Wood offering}, wood burnt on the altar.
        [1913 Webster]
              We cast the lots . . . for the wood offering. --Neh.
                                                    x. 34.
        [1913 Webster]
     {Wood oil} (Bot.), a resinous oil obtained from several East
        Indian trees of the genus {Dipterocarpus}, having
        properties similar to those of copaiba, and sometimes
        substituted for it. It is also used for mixing paint. See
     {Wood opal} (Min.), a striped variety of coarse opal, having
        some resemblance to wood.
     {Wood paper}, paper made of wood pulp. See {Wood pulp},
     {Wood pewee} (Zool.), a North American tyrant flycatcher
        ({Contopus virens}). It closely resembles the pewee, but
        is smaller.
     {Wood pie} (Zool.), any black and white woodpecker,
        especially the European great spotted woodpecker.
     {Wood pigeon}. (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of numerous species of Old World pigeons
            belonging to {Palumbus} and allied genera of the
            family {Columbidae}.
        (b) The ringdove.
     {Wood puceron} (Zool.), a plant louse.
     {Wood pulp} (Technol.), vegetable fiber obtained from the
        poplar and other white woods, and so softened by digestion
        with a hot solution of alkali that it can be formed into
        sheet paper, etc. It is now produced on an immense scale.
     {Wood quail} (Zool.), any one of several species of East
        Indian crested quails belonging to {Rollulus} and allied
        genera, as the red-crested wood quail ({Rollulus
        roulroul}), the male of which is bright green, with a long
        crest of red hairlike feathers.
     {Wood rabbit} (Zool.), the cottontail.
     {Wood rat} (Zool.), any one of several species of American
        wild rats of the genus {Neotoma} found in the Southern
        United States; -- called also {bush rat}. The Florida wood
        rat ({Neotoma Floridana}) is the best-known species.
     {Wood reed grass} (Bot.), a tall grass ({Cinna arundinacea})
        growing in moist woods.
     {Wood reeve}, the steward or overseer of a wood. [Eng.]
     {Wood rush} (Bot.), any plant of the genus {Luzula},
        differing from the true rushes of the genus {Juncus}
        chiefly in having very few seeds in each capsule.
     {Wood sage} (Bot.), a name given to several labiate plants of
        the genus {Teucrium}. See {Germander}.
     {Wood screw}, a metal screw formed with a sharp thread, and
        usually with a slotted head, for insertion in wood.
     {Wood sheldrake} (Zool.), the hooded merganser.
     {Wood shock} (Zool.), the fisher. See {Fisher}, 2.
     {Wood shrike} (Zool.), any one of numerous species of Old
        World singing birds belonging to {Grallina},
        {Collyricincla}, {Prionops}, and allied genera, common in
        India and Australia. They are allied to the true shrikes,
        but feed upon both insects and berries.
     {Wood snipe}. (Zool.)
        (a) The American woodcock.
        (b) An Asiatic snipe ({Gallinago nemoricola}).
     {Wood soot}, soot from burnt wood.
     {Wood sore}. (Zool.) See {Cuckoo spit}, under {Cuckoo}.
     {Wood sorrel} (Bot.), a plant of the genus Oxalis ({Oxalis
        Acetosella}), having an acid taste. See Illust. (a) of
     {Wood spirit}. (Chem.) See {Methyl alcohol}, under {Methyl}.
     {Wood stamp}, a carved or engraved block or stamp of wood,
        for impressing figures or colors on fabrics.
     {Wood star} (Zool.), any one of several species of small
        South American humming birds belonging to the genus
        {Calothorax}. The male has a brilliant gorget of blue,
        purple, and other colors.
     {Wood sucker} (Zool.), the yaffle.
     {Wood swallow} (Zool.), any one of numerous species of Old
        World passerine birds belonging to the genus {Artamus} and
        allied genera of the family {Artamidae}. They are common
        in the East Indies, Asia, and Australia. In form and
        habits they resemble swallows, but in structure they
        resemble shrikes. They are usually black above and white
     {Wood tapper} (Zool.), any woodpecker.
     {Wood tar}. See under {Tar}.
     {Wood thrush}, (Zool.)
        (a) An American thrush ({Turdus mustelinus}) noted for the
            sweetness of its song. See under {Thrush}.
        (b) The missel thrush.
     {Wood tick}. See in Vocabulary.
     {Wood tin}. (Min.). See {Cassiterite}.
     {Wood titmouse} (Zool.), the goldcgest.
     {Wood tortoise} (Zool.), the sculptured tortoise. See under
     {Wood vine} (Bot.), the white bryony.
     {Wood vinegar}. See {Wood acid}, above.
     {Wood warbler}. (Zool.)
        (a) Any one of numerous species of American warblers of
            the genus {Dendroica}. See {Warbler}.
        (b) A European warbler ({Phylloscopus sibilatrix}); --
            called also {green wren}, {wood wren}, and {yellow
     {Wood worm} (Zool.), a larva that bores in wood; a wood
     {Wood wren}. (Zool.)
        (a) The wood warbler.
        (b) The willow warbler.
            [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

  wood vinegar
      n 1: a red-brown liquid formed in distillation of wood which
           contains acetic acid, methanol, acetone, wood oils, and
           tars [syn: {pyroligneous acid}, {wood vinegar}]

ติดโพย (PopThai)
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wood ( W UH1 D) vinegar ( V IH1 N AH0 G ER0)



  • ป่าไม้: พื้นที่ป่า [Lex2]
  • เนื้อไม้: ไม้ [Lex2]
  • ไม้ตีกอล์ฟชนิดหัวไม้[Lex2]
  • ทำด้วยไม้: ทำจากไม้ [Lex2]
  • ปกคลุม (พื้นที่) ด้วยต้นไม้[Lex2]
  • (วูด) n. ไม้ adj. ทำด้วยไม้,อยู่ในป่า vt. ปกคลุมด้วยต้นไม้,ปลูกต้นไม้ vi. สะสมหรือจัดให้มีไม้ -Phr. (out of the woods ปลอดภัย,พ้นอันตราย) ###SW. woods n. ป่าไม้ [Hope]
  • (n) ป่า,ไม้,เนื้อไม้ [Nontri]
  • /W UH1 D/ [CMU]
  • (n) /w'ud/ [OALD]
  • น้ำส้มสายชู[Lex2]
  • (วิน'นะเกอะ) n. น้ำส้ม,สารละลายกรดacetic acid. ###SW. vinegarish adj. [Hope]
  • (n) น้ำส้มสายชู [Nontri]
  • /V IH1 N AH0 G ER0/ [CMU]
  • (n) /v'ɪnɪgər/ [OALD]

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